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Various ramblings-on, mostly about Red5
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28 Jan 09 RTMPT and Red5

By default or so I’ve been told, the Flash Player will try various ports when attempting to connect to a resource. In Red5, RTMP is supported out-of-the-box on the default RTMP port of 1935 and HTTP is setup on 5080. A “special” server is started on 8088 as well to handle RTMPT only requests, but this requires that you set your request url as “rtmpt://myserver:8088/myapp/” which can be confusing and completely ignores the Flash Player port probing. So I offer this solution, allowing you to setup HTTP on port 80 and RTMPT on port 80 as well. Since Red5 includes a servlet container (Tomcat by default), you have a full-fledged HTTP server and servlet engine built-in; allowing a servlet to answer the RTMPT requests.
The first file we need to modify is the server properties file located in the conf directory:
red5/conf/red5.properties

  • Locate the http.port key and change it to 80 instead of 5080
  • Do not change the rtmpt.port entry, it should be 8088
  • Save and close the file

The last file to modify will be your web application configuration or “web.xml” file. The web application configuration file will be located here: red5/webapps/myapp/WEB-INF/web.xml if your application name is “myapp”. Add these entries:

    
   	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>rtmpt</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>org.red5.server.net.rtmpt.RTMPTServlet</servlet-class>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>
    
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>rtmpt</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/fcs/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>rtmpt</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/open/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>rtmpt</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/close/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>rtmpt</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/send/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>rtmpt</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/idle/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

Informational links about FlashPlayer and ports:
HTTP Tunneling protocols

The Trouble with Proxy Servers

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28 Sep 08 Tomcat connectors

In Red5, you have pretty much full access to manipulate the embedded Tomcat engine via Spring. With that being said I would like to give details on how to change the http connector between two available options; there are several other options, but I’ll only be covering NIO and BIO. First a quick explanation of these two options:

  • BIO – Blocking Input / Output, this has been around since the beginning of internet time. It uses one thread per socket connnection to handle requests.
  • NIO – Non-blocking Input / Output, this has been available in the JDK since 1.4. It uses a single thread to handle many socket connections.
In most cases, you should find NIO to be much faster and more able to handle a lot more connections than BIO will. The default connector was set to NIO until today when I switched it to BIO to prevent problems with Unix-based systems (OSX / Linux).
The configuration of Tomcat in Red5 for HTTP, RTMPT, and RTMPS is nearly identical so you may apply the configuration items below to any of the embedded servers. To configure with a BIO connector, locate the connector section and change the constructor arg value:

<property name=”connector”>
  <bean class=”org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector”>
    <constructor-arg type=”java.lang.String” value=”org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol” />
    <property name=”port”><value>80</value></property>
    <property name=”redirectPort”><value>443</value></property>
    <property name=”enableLookups”><value>false</value></property>
  </bean>
</property>

To use the NIO connector simply change the constructor arg as shown below:

<property name=”connector”>
  <bean class=”org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector”>
    <constructor-arg type=”java.lang.String” value=”org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol” />
    <property name=”port”><value>80</value></property>
    <property name=”redirectPort”><value>443</value></property>
    <property name=”enableLookups”><value>false</value></property>
  </bean>
</property>

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27 May 08 Apache and RTMPT

Some of you may find yourself in a situation where your Red5 server is on an internal network or otherwise un-reachable from the Internet. This set of rewrite rules will allow you to provide access to Red5 using an Apache web server (assuming the web server has access to the Internet).
The following rules assume that your Red5 server is running on a server with the IP address of 10.0.0.5, accepting HTTP connections on port 5080, and your application name is “myapp”.

    RewriteRule ^/(open/.*)$ http://10.0.0.5:5080/myapp/$1 [P]
    RewriteRule ^/(send/.*)$ http://10.0.0.5:5080/myapp/$1 [P]
    RewriteRule ^/(idle/.*)$ http://10.0.0.5:5080/myapp/$1 [P]
    RewriteRule ^/(close/.*)$ http://10.0.0.5:5080/myapp/$1 [P]

If you need more information on mod_rewrite, use this link.

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